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Older Native Americans

There are a number of organizations that provide a broad range of services to older Native Americans. This section outlines materials that provide assistance to older Native Americans. Topics include elder abuse, Social Security, benefits information, in-home care, long term care, disability information, IHS, and health care programs.

General Legal Information

Ha Kupuna, the National Resource Center for Native Hawaiian Elders
Source: University of Hawaii
Content Type: Website
This website features in-depth resources on Native Hawaiian Elders and other native American populations. On this website you can find: Resources for Na Kupuna and their families. Resources for Professionals and Academics. Information on Ha Kupuna.

American Indian and Alaska Native End of Life Care
Source: CDC
Content Type: Study Report as a Word Document
“Moving Beyond Paradigm Paralysis: American Indian End-of-Life Care” is the latest in the series of Issue Briefs on aging from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Healthy Aging Program. This one, a collaboration with the National Association of Chronic Disease Directors, was prepared by staff of the International Association for Indigenous Aging (IAIA) and Health Benefits ABCs, where longtime Washington journalist on aging, Nancy Aldrich, served as principal writer. Focusing on end-of-life beliefs of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) elders, the Issue Brief concludes that health care and social services professionals may need to re-examine their assumptions about end-of-life care. According to the IAIA website, “Conventional wisdom has long held that Indian elders - especially those couched in traditional belief systems - will not openly discuss issues related to death and dying. But, in light of changing culture and demographics and recent successes with new end-of-life care models for AI/AN populations, these long-held but increasingly unjustified assumptions may no longer apply.”

Source: HCBS Clearing House
Content Type: PDF report
A new resource guide highlights the importance of mobility options for American Indian elders and support the efforts of Title VI aging services and Tribal transit programs to provide transportation to elders living on reservations and Indian lands.

Native American Tribal Law and Policy
Source: Tribal Law and Policy Institute's The Tribal Court Clearinghouse
Content Type: Website
The Tribal Court Clearinghouse is a comprehensive website to serve as a resource center for American Indian and Alaska Native Nations and people, tribal justice systems, victims services providers, tribal service providers, and others involved in the improvement of justice for Native Americans. The website contains links and information to Tribal, State, and Federal Law as it applies to Native Americans.

NCAI: Native American Rights
Source: National Congress of American Indians
Content Type: Website
The NCAI strives to protect programs and services to benefit Indian families, specifically targeting Indian Youth and elders. The site provides articles, policy information and links to conferences and events.

Native American Aging Presentations
Source: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
Content Type: Website/ Power Point Presentations
A list of power point presentations that provide a variety of guidance concerning Native American Elderly. The presentations include topics such as "Conducting and Uses for Native Elder Needs Assessments."

U.S. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
Source: The United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs
Content Type: Website
The United States Senate Committee on Indian Affairs has jurisdiction to study the unique problems of American Indian, Native Hawaiian, and Alaska Native peoples and to propose legislation to alleviate these difficulties. These issues include: Indian education, economic development, land management, trust responsibilities, health care, and claims against the United States.

Native American Resources and Services

Source: Lewis & Clark Graduate School
Content Type: online tool kit
This Guide is intended to give tribal legislators a brief overview of legal issues that impact the equal treatment of Two Spirit or lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals. The Guide identifies areas in which existing laws may discriminate against LGBT individuals, and provides sample resolution and code language for tribal lawmakers to consider adopting to maximize LGBT equality within their communities. Commentary to the draft language is also provided to address some of the policy issues that tribal legislators should consider when developing or revising tribal laws to promote LGBT justice.

Native American Elderly Resource Center
Source: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
Content Type: Website
Information on quality of life and delivery of related support services to the Native American aging population through education, training, technical assistance, and research.

Native American Elderly Service Center Locator
Source: National Resource Center on Native American Aging
Content Type: Website
Native American Elderly Service Locator Interactive Map. Service centers are located in all states. The services offered at the centers vary, but may include Adult Protection services, legal services, transportation, and personal care.

Native American Elder Community Services
Source: The National Indian Council On Aging, Inc.
Content Type: Website
Information and technical assistance for Native American communities to improve health care for Elders and provides a clearinghouse for information on issues affecting American Indian and Alaska Native Elders including long term care, advocacy, diabetes education, to information on access to benefits.

Native American Social Security
Source: Social Security Administration's American Indians & Alaska Natives
Content Type: Website
Information and updates of programs administered by SSA, Medicare and Medicaid. The website provides the opportunity to apply online for Social Security retirement, disability or spouses' benefits as well.

Native American Health Services

Native American Health Services
Source: The Indian Health Service (IHS)
Content Type: Website
The Indian Health Service's (IHS) website provides information concerning medical and support programs. The IHS is responsible for providing federal health services to American Indians and Alaska Natives. The IHS is the principal federal health care provider and health advocate for Indian people, and its goal is to raise their health status to the highest possible level.

IHS: Native American Elder Health Care
Source: The Indian Health Service: Elder Care Initiative
Content Type: Website
Guidance for Native American Elders and resources for professionals helping the Elderly. The Elder Care Initiative actins as a consultation and liaison resource for IHS, tribal, and urban Indian health programs.

IA: Native American Services
Source: Indian Affairs (IA) in the United States Department of the Interior
Content Type: Website
The Indian Affairs website offers an extensive scope of programs that covers the entire range of Federal, State and local government services, i.e. social services and welfare assistance.

AoA: Native American Elderly Services
Source: Administration on Aging: Office for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Programs
Content Type: Fact Sheet
This AoA office is charged with serving as an advocate on behalf of Native American elders with all departments and agencies of the Federal Government on all Federal policies affecting elders and an advocate with the States to promote the enhanced delivery of services and implementation of programs to older Native Americans.

Native American Elder Abuse

National Indigenous Elder Justice Initiative
Source: NIEJI at University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences
Content Type: Website
The National Indigenous Elder Justice Initiative (NIEJI) was created to address the lack of culturally appropriate information and community education materials on elder abuse, neglect and exploitation in Indian Country. Some of the undertakings of the initiative will include: Establish a resource center on elder abuse to assist tribes in addressing indigenous elder abuse, neglect, and exploitation Identify and make available existing literature, resources and tribal codes that address indigenous elder abuse Develop and disseminate culturally appropriate and responsive resources for use by tribes, care providers, law enforcement and other stakeholders.

Video Raising Awareness of Domestic Violence in Indian Country
Source: Indian Law Resource Center
Content Type: You-Tube
Video Raise Awareness and Help End the Epidemic of Violence against Native Women in the U.S.- Please Share this Video from the Indian Law Resource Center, www.indianlaw.org .

Creative Civil Remedies for Domestic Violence in Indian Country
Source: Southwest Center for Law and Policy
Content Type: Law Review Article Brief
"This Article addresses current jurisdictional constraints and suggests strategies to maximize the exercise of sovereign powers necessary to maintain justice, safety, and order on tribal lands. Each section of the Article contains a brief discussion of the relevant jurisdictional challenges and is then followed by a series of recommendations. Finally, the Article explores ways in which tribes can work within current jurisdictional limitations to impose significant, meaningful, and effective deterrents and consequences for non-Indian offenders."
Hallie Bongar White, Kelly Gaines Stoner & The Honorable James G. White, 44 Tulsa L.R. 427 (2008).

US v. Enas, 255 F.3d 662(2001)
Source: United States Court of Appeals, 9th Circuit
Content Type: Court case Brief
Description: Non-Member Indian Criminal Jurisdiction
This case discusses the power of Indian tribes to regulate non-member Indians in a criminal case. The court concluded in this case that Congress had the power to determine that tribal jurisdiction over nonmember Indians was inherent per the 1990 amendments to the Indian Civil Rights Act ("ICRA"). Under this interpretation the Court of Appeals upheld the tribal court's jurisdiction over a non-member Indian in a criminal case.

Native American Elder Abuse
Source: Administration on Aging: Office for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Programs
Content Type: Publication
This publication prepared by the Administration on Aging's Office for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian Programs addresses specific issues concerning elder abuse and neglect in Indian Country. The Publication reviews Tribal Elder Abuse Codes.

NCEA: Native American Elder Abuse
Source: National Center on Elder Abuse
Content Type: Website
Links to publications applicable to Native American Elder Abuse and other Native American resources.

NICOA: Information on Native American Elder Abuse
Source: The National Indian Council On Aging, Inc.
Content Type: Website/ Publications
Links to several publications that directly address Elder Abuse in the Native American Community.

Native American Elder Abuse
Source: Tribal Law and Policy Institute’s The Tribal Court Clearinghouse
Content Type: Website
The Tribal Court Clearinghouse website includes a sections on Elder Abuse in the Native American community including a comprehensive guide to other programs that provide services, links to useful fact sheets, books, and documents.